Rudy Giuliani (b. Rudolph William Louis Giuliani May 28, 1944) is an American politician, businessman, lawyer and public speaker from New York. Giuliani is best known for serving as the Mayor of New York City between 1994 and 2001.
Guiliani was named Person of the Year by Time Magazine in 2001 as a result of his leadership during and after the September 11 attacks. Guiliani received honorary knighthood in 2002 from Queen Elizabeth II.
Giuliani was born in Brooklyn, New York, the only child of Harold and Helen. Both of his parents were first-generation Americans whose families were Italian. Giuliani was raised in the Roman Catholic faith.
When Giuliani was seven, he and his family moved to Garden City South. He would attend St. Anne’s, the local Catholic school located nearby. Later, he attended Bishop Loughlin Memorial High School in Brooklyn.
Rudy Guiliani attended Manhattan College in the Bronx, where he received a degree in political science and philosophy. Briefly, he considered entering into the priesthood. Guiliani was a member of the Phi Rho Pi fraternity. After graduation, Giuliani worked as a clerk for the United States District Judge for the Southern District of New York, Judge Lloyd Francis McMahon.
Guiliani worked as a committeeman for the Democratic party during the mid-1960s. He also volunteered for the presidential campaign of Robert F. Kennedy in 1968.
Giuliani has been married three times. In 1968, he married Regina Peruggi. The two divorced in 1982. That same year, Giuliani married television journalist Donna Hanover. During Giuliani’s time as mayor, the couple separated and he began a relationship with Judith Nathan. They would marry in 2003.
Rudy Giuliani attended New York University School of Law, where he graduated cum laude in 1968. Giuliani worked in the U.S. Attorney’s Office, eventually becoming U.S. Attorney.
In 1975, Rudy Giuliani relocated to Washington, D.C. There, he was named Associate Deputy Attorney General, as well as chief of staff to the Deputy Attorney General. In 1977, Giuliani returned to New York, where he would practice law at the firm Patterson, Belknap, Webb and Tyler.
Rudy Giuliani was chosen as the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York in 1983. In this role, he led the effort to fight organized crime, end government corruption, jail drug dealers and prosecute criminals. He would oversee more than 4,000 convictions.
Rudy Giuliani served two terms as Mayor of New York City, from 1994 to 2001. Giuliani was credited with improving the city’s overall quality of life and reducing crime. During the eight years he served as mayor, crime was down 57%, and murder rates fell 65%. Giuliani also gained popularity for his focus on education. Student-teacher ratios reached an all-time low soon after he began his first term. Meanwhile, the annual operating budget of public schools in New York City increased by $4 billion. Giuliani received widespread praise for his impressive leadership after the September 11 attacks at the World Trade Center.
Rudy Giuliani formed the security consulting business Giuliani Partners after completing his tenure as mayor. He later joined the law firm Bracewell & Giuliani, which changed names after he became an active partner. Giuliani prosecuted several high-profile cases that involved Wall Street financiers and organized crime.
Giuliani had planned to run for the U.S. Senate during the 2000 election, but he withdrew after being diagnosed with cancer.
In 2008, Giuliani ran for the Republican Party nomination during the U.S. presidential election. John McCain was eventually selected for the nomination.